Nutrients are the foundation of life, growth, and nourishment. Without getting them from food and water, we wouldn’t be able to survive! That’s why it’s good to know the two main types of nutrients: macronutrients vs micronutrients.
Each group is different but equally important for optimal nutrition and a healthy life. Below we’ll break down the details and why both matter on the Keto Zone diet.
Macronutrients, or “macros,” are the biggest group of nutrients. Your body needs them in large amounts to fuel itself and carry out all its processes.
The essential macros are:
Carbohydrates, also called carbs, are your body’s primary source of energy. They’re either (1) broken down and used immediately or (2) stored in your body as glycogen or fat. (But on a ketogenic diet, the body switches to using fat as its primary fuel—more on that below.)
Carbohydrates come from foods like grains and breads, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and processed, sugary foods and drinks.
Proteins are essential for building muscle and preventing muscle loss, building and repairing tissues, and controlling hormones and other body chemicals.
Meats, eggs, dairy, and fish are good protein sources.
Fat plays many roles in your body, including hormone regulation, vitamin absorption, and proper brain function. Cholesterol, triglycerides, and omega-3s and omega-6s are all essential fatty acids your body must get from your diet.
Foods like meats, oils, fatty fish, and nuts are all good sources of fat.
All calories come from macronutrients, so every food item will contain at least one of these three.
On the Keto Zone diet, the right proportion of macros is what keeps you in ketosis and helps your body burn fat. Those macros are:
By eating a very-low-carb ketogenic diet—like the Keto Zone diet—you shift your body into burning fat for energy instead of carbs.
(To calculate macros, many of our Keto Zone members also use a carb and macro calculator like app, such as Carb Manager.)
Micronutrients, or “micros,” work on a smaller scale—meaning you only need them in trace amounts—but they are just as important as macronutrients for good health.
The micronutrients include:
In nutrition, vitamins and minerals play many roles in supporting your body’s functions. They can work as electrolytes, hormones, antioxidants, and are crucial for healthy metabolism, cellular function, energy levels, disease prevention, anti-aging, and overall wellbeing.
When you start a ketogenic diet, your body can flush out water and sodium, taking vitamins and minerals with it. That’s why it’s so important to eat foods rich in these micronutrients to stay healthy and avoid the keto flu.
The best place to get micros is from whole, unprocessed foods.
Whole foods that contain a lot of micronutrients are considered to be nutrient dense and great for daily health. That’s why a large portion of the Keto Zone diet is low-carb vegetables like leafy greens, olives, and avocados.
Any food item contains macronutrients, but processed and low-quality foods are stripped of their delicate micronutrients.
For example, a slice of white bread will contain mostly carbohydrates (macros) but very little vitamins and minerals or other micronutrients you could get from foods like kale, spinach, fatty fish, or nuts and seeds.
The quality of a food’s macronutrients vs micronutrients also depends on how it was grown and how it was raised (if it’s an animal product). These choices affect the degree of nutrition in a food:
To get the best of all on a ketogenic diet, focus on foods with the right macros and with plenty of micros.