Recently, research studies reveal the association of a decrease in risk of death in patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease. One observation is included in a Moli-Sani study published in the ESC Congress 2016.
Widely Recognized & Accepted
The Mediterranean Diet is widely recognized and accepted as a healthy nutritional plan to follow in the world, according to Prof. Gaetano at the Department of Epidemiology & Prevention. More importantly, the professor reminds those who follow this dietary plan, a reduced risk of death (in all categories) is a desirable benefit seen.
Healthy, or Not Healthy?
Individuals who are healthy and those who are not healthy can benefit from following this type of diet, according to research studies. The Moli-Sani Project included close to twenty-five thousand adults within the study. Around twelve hundred of the participants reported a history of CV disease.
During the project, each person recorded their food intake through questionnaires. A Mediterranean diet score system was used to evaluate the data provided. In seven years of following the given population, there were two-hundred-eight deaths which was associated with a twenty-one percent (21%) reduction in risk for death. In other individuals within the frequency study who followed the Mediterranean diet more closely, there was a reduction in the risk of death pertaining to any cause by thirty-seven percent (37%).
During the Moli-Sani Project, further investigation took place to look at the specific foods which contributed to the decreased risk of death in the population (more specifically in the 37% category). Major contributions were seen in the individuals who included the following foods on a regular basis in the diet: fish, veggies, fruit, nuts, and olive oil.
More research is definitely needed, but the results seen so far are very promising for reducing risk of death in patients overall, especially in those with cardiovascular diseases. According to Professor Gaetano, the next look at investigative studies should definitely include the area of inflammation (inflammatory diseases) and the role of eating a Mediterranean diet.